the t h politics of psychotherapy e p Edited by Nick Totton o l new perspectives i t i c s This unique collection by leading authors explores the links between therapy o and the political world,and their contribution to each other.Topics covered f include: p NPsychotherapy in the political sphere,including the roots of conflict, s y social trauma,and ecopsychology c h NPolitical dimensions of psychotherapy practice,such as o discrimination,power,sexuality,and postcolonial issues t h NPsychotherapy,the state and institutions,including the law and e ethics,and psychotherapy in healthcare r a NWorking at the interface,examples of therapy in political action p fromCroatia,the USA,the UK and Israel/Palestine y How to ‘place’ political issues in therapy is highly controversial – for example, n whether political themes should be interpreted psychologically in the e w consulting room,or respected as valid in their own right:similar issues arise p for the role of therapeutic insights in political reality.This book provides a map e r s through these complex and demanding areas for therapists and counsellors in p e training,as well as for experienced practitioners or other interested readers.
BL2249-01-Prelims 18/12/05 20:21 Page iv Open University Press McGraw-Hill Education McGraw-Hill House ShoppenhangersRoad Maidenhead, Berkshire England SL6 2QL email: [email protected] world wide web: www.openup.co.uk and Two Penn Plaza, New York, NY 10121–2289, USA First published 2006 Copyright © Nick Totton 2005 Editorial matter and selection individual chapters © the contributors All rights reserved. Except for the quotation of short passages for the purposes of criticism and review, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher or a licence from the Copyright Licensing Agency Limited. Details of such licences (for reprographic reproduction) may be obtained from the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd of 90 Tottenham Court Road, London, W1T 4LP.
BL2249-01-Prelims 18/12/05 20:21 Page vi vi CONTENTS 7 Power in the therapeutic relationship 83 Nick Totton Part III Psychotherapy, the state and institutions 8 Values, ethics and the law: a story with some morals 97 Petruska Clarkson 9 The institutions of psychotherapy 108 Nick Totton 10 Politics and psychotherapy in the context of healthcare 121 John Leesand Dawn Freshwater Part IV Working at the interface: psychotherapy in political action 11 Transforming conflict into community: post-war 135 reconciliation in Croatia Arlene Audergonand Lane Arye 12 Israeli psychotherapists and the Israeli–Palestinian conflict 147 Emanuel Berman 13 The Bridge Project: radical psychotherapy for the 21st century 159 Jocelyn Chaplin 14 How to create social activism: turning the passive to active 167 without killing each other Kate Gentileand Susan Gutwill Bibliography 180 Index 198.
BL2249-01-Prelims 18/12/05 20:21 Page vii Acknowledgements An earlier version of the chapter by Emanuel Berman first appeared in Psychotherapy and Politics International, 1(1): 1–16 (2003).
BL2249-01-Prelims 18/12/05 20:21 Page ix Notes on contributors Lane Arye, PhD teaches conflict facilitation, Process Work and Unintentional Music worldwide. He has worked with conflicts between Serbs, Croats and Muslims in the Balkans, between high-caste and low-caste Hindus from India, and with anti-Semitism in Germany and Poland, as well as racism, sexism, nationalism, homophobia and class issues in the USA and Europe. He is on the faculty of the Process Work Center of Portland's Master of Arts in Conflict Facilitation and Organizational Change. Author of Unintentional Music: Releasing Your Deepest Creativity(Hampton Roads, 2001), Lane has a private practice in the San Francisco Bay Area, where he lives with his wife, Lecia.
BL2249-01-Prelims 18/12/05 20:21 Page xii xii NOTES ON CONTRIBUTORS and a trustee of the Work–Life Balance Trust. Publications, which have been translated into 19 languages, include Jung and the Post-Jungians (Routledge, 1985), The Father (Guildford Press, 1986), A Critical Dictionary of Jungian Analysis (Routledge, 1986), The Plural Psyche (Routledge, 1989), Psycho- pathology (Routledge, 1989), The Political Psyche (Routledge, 1993) and Politics on the Couch: Citizenship and the Internal Life(Profile Books, 2001).
BL2249-01-Prelims 18/12/05 20:21 Page xiii Introduction The ontological structure of the human being imposes insurmountable constraints upon any form of social organization and any political project.