The Sword & The Plow Newsletter of the Bimillennial Preterist Association Vol. X, No.1 – January 2008 Was the Eschaton Local? by Kurt M. Simmons A new book has been published in Preterist circles was local. They reason that if the “heavens and arguing that the Genesis creation account and flood earth” of II Pet. 3 were local and described events were merely local events and that Adam of Genesis confined to Palestine, the heavens and earth of was not the first man God created. Genesis must be interpreted the same way. This is the worst sort of reasoning! By this approach, every Yes, startling to say the least. Imagine Paul’s instance where the words heaven and earth occur surprise to learn that the one man to whom he must be understood in reference merely to Palestine, attributes the fall of the whole human race was not or some other localized place upon earth. What an the first man at all! astonishing notion! All reference to the universal canopy of heaven and the circle of the earth is now Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, removed from the Bible and we are to adopt a new and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, hermeneutic understanding these terms figuratively for that all have sinned: Rom. 5:12 for Palestine! Paul here teaches that sin entered the world through Wow! But what could be further from the truth than the one man, Adam; because of Adam’s the idea that the eschaton was local? The Bible transgression, all men were constituted sinners. That plainly states that the coming of Christ in judgment is, they inherited Adam’s fallen nature and cannot would be world wide. (See below) Thus, the entire rise above their carnality; the motions of sin in their premise of the book is false! That’s right! The entire flesh bring them into bondage to the law of sin and premise of the book, arguing a local flood and death. All who attain to an age and condition of creation are based upon the false premise of an accountability come under condemnation for sins eschaton confined to Palestine. Moreover, the committed in the flesh. Elsewhere, Paul says that in premise is doubly false in that even if it were granted Adam all die. (I Cor. 15:22) Sin and death in the that the eschaton was local and the heavens and earth world are thus attributed to the first man, Adam. of II Pet. 3 had only Palestine in view, it does not logically follow that all other occurrences of these But this book teaches that Adam was not the first terms must be understood this way! II Pet. 3 is man, and that Genesis is not about the creation of the prophetic; it is of a totally different genre than literal cosmos at all. It thus denies one of Genesis and other books of history. We do not read Christianity’s most fundamental tenants! What could Revelation the same way we read Ruth or Judges, behoove someone to propose a doctrine so novel? why would we read Genesis the same way we read II Peter or the prophets? The very suggestion that The reason this book argues for a local flood and Genesis is of the same genre as Revelation is local creation is that the authors have bought into the frivolous upon its face. This sort of apologetic fundamental error that the eschaton (second coming) attempt to reconcile the Bible with the errors of .
modern science have been rejected long ago. This Psalm is about the resurrected, glorified Christ Former, regius professor of Hebrew at Oxford, James and the kingdom given him of the Father. Christ’s Barr, notes: kingdom is more than just the church; it includes all earth’s nations, which he rules with a rod of iron, Probably, so far as l know, there is no professor of dashing to pieces those that disobey. The dashing Hebrew or Old Testament at any world-class here corresponds to the dashing of the image in university who does not believe that the writer(s) of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream and is eschatological. Gen. 1-11 intended to convey to their readers the ideas that (a) creation took place in a series of six Ps. 110:5, 6 – The Lord at thy right hand shall strike days which were the same as the days of 24 hours we through kings in the day of his wrath. He shall judge now experience (b) the figures contained in the among the heathen, he shall fill the places with the Genesis genealogies provided by simple addition a dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many chronology from the beginning of the world up to countries. later stages in the biblical story (c) Noah's flood was understood to be world-wide and extinguish all This Psalm, like the one before, speaks to the human and animal life except for those in the ark. Or, eschatological day of wrath of Christ upon the to put it negatively, the apologetic arguments which heathen; the eschaton would entail the devastation of suppose the 'days' of creation to be long eras of time, many countries. the figures of years not to be chronological, and the flood to be a merely local Mesopotamian flood, are Hag. 2:6, 7; 3:21, 22 – For thus saith the Lord of not taken seriously by any such professors, as far as I hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake know.1 the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land; and I will shake all nations, and the desire of Examples of Universal Judgment at the Eschaton all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the Lord of hosts…I will shake the As the following passages show, the eschaton was heavens and the earth; and I will overthrow the plainly world-wide. throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the heathen.” Dan. 2:28-45 – Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his This verse is important because it is quoted by the feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them to Hebrew writer as about to be fulfilled in his day. pieces. (Heb. 12:26) Its first application is to the rebuilding of the Jerusalem temple under Zerubbabel; its second This is one of the most important prophecies of the and ultimate application was to the kingdom and Bible and it does not even mention the Jews or church of Christ. Haggai foretold a time when the Jerusalem. The famous dream of Nebuchadnezzar wealth and power of the nations would accrue to the depicts four world empires until the coming of the benefit of the Jerusalem temple, by the fall of worldly kingdom and Messiah; it portrays Christ’s coming in powers. This became a type of the victory of the terms of the world government and inhabited earth church at the eschaton. As Preterists, we have being reduced to rubble in the days of the fourth interpreted this passage as quoted by the Hebrew world empire and the mountain of the Lord’s writer in terms of Jerusalem’s fall, but, as we see, its kingdom growing up in its place. The rubble to actual, original, and intended scope was universal – which the image is reduced answer the “elements” of the eschaton would be a time when all nations were II Pet. 3 and point to the socio-political fabric of the shaken and the throne of heathen kingdoms pre-parousia world. overthrown. We should also note that the heavens and earth in this context point to higher powers and earth’s governments; they have no covenantal Ps.2:8, 9 – Ask of me, and I shall give thee the significance themselves. heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them Rev. 1:7 – Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every in pieces like a potter’s vessel. eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen. 1 The letter is posted at http://www.geocities.com/ilgwamh/day.html 2 .
This last passage can be translated in more narrow purely localized in Judea, while ignoring passages terms to say “all the tribes of the land shall wail showing Christ’s coming was world-wide in breadth because of him.” But no translation in print does and sweep. I would suggest that, not only do these this, nor would it fit within the imagery of and similar passages point to a world-wide coming of Revelation, which portrays the eschaton in universal Christ, but that cosmic language used by the prophets terms, far surpassing Judaea and Jerusalem. carries a similar meaning and import. Moreover, the word “also” – they also which pierced him – meaning the Jews, signifies that they too would ____________________ see him in addition to earth’s other peoples. The New Heavens Matt. 25:31, 32 – When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: and before him and Earth shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats. Introduction This passage likely refers to the great white throne There are many misconceptions about the new judgment in Rev. 20:11-15. If so, it is “other heavens and new earth mentioned in the Bible. Some worldly.” But, no matter what side of eternity is believe that the eternal state is alluded to; others that portrayed, it is clear that the passage refers to more a future paradise on earth is in view; still others that than merely Palestine. the New Testament is symbolized. However, none of these views enjoys support of the scriptures. The II Tim. 4:1 - I charge thee therefore before God, and following is a verse-by-verse exposition of the the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and promised new heavens and earth. We will conclude the dead at his appearing and his kingdom that the new heavens and earth were symbols for the prevailing conditions and changed fortunes of God’s people in the world under the reigning Christ The time for the appearing of Christ and his kingdom following the tribulation of the last days; they look to was within the lives of the apostles. (Matt. 16:27, New Testament times, but are not the New Testament 28) I confess that I do not know everything that is itself. involved with judging the quick, but I do know that the living includes more than those residing in Palestine. The eschaton was a time when all men Isaiah: The Source of the Imagery came under judgment. The promise of the new heavens and earth occurs in Acts 17:30, 31 – And the times of this ignorance God Isaiah, where the prophet uses it to describe the winked at; but now commandeth all men everywhere happy circumstance of God’s people after the time of to repent: because he hath appointed a day, in the tribulation and persecution is past, and their enemies which he is about to judge (melle krinein) the world are destroyed. The prophecy moves alternately in righteousness. between the coming destruction of the rebellious among the Jews and the blessing of salvation upon those that obey. The historical context may look in Paul spoke these words in Athens. The time of the first instance to the nation’s captivity under the judgment that was about to overtake the world (Gk. Assyrians and Babylonians and the return of the kosmos) entailed more than Jews; all men everywhere captivity under Zerubbabel, Ezra, and Nehemiah, but, were about to feel the rod of Christ’s correction for unquestionably, the prophecy looks beyond these rejecting his gospel and persecuting his church. events unto the eschatological judgments and blessing of the Messiah. These are just a few of the passages holding out a universal coming. The Catalogue of World Disasters Jews Refuse the Gospel at the end of this newsletter demonstrates the actual events the above verses point to. As Preterists, we are going to have a hard time meeting opponents in First, the prophet describes the Jews’ obstinate debate and persuading people of an AD 70 rebellion and unwillingness to obey God’s word, and fulfillment if we make the argument the eschaton was the resultant wrath they would suffer: 3 .
I am sought of them that asked not for me; I am found the confusion caused the Jews’ name to be applied of them that sought me not: I said, Behold me, behold with disadvantage to the Christians in hatred and me, unto a nation that was not called by my name. I reproach. However, by the time of the destruction of have spread out my hands all the day unto a Jerusalem, this was no longer true, and the world rebellious people, which walketh in a way that was came to distinguish distinctly between the two. The not good, after their own thoughts…Behold, it is Lord would thus slay the Jews, but assign a new written before me: I will not keep silence, but will name to his people. The term Christian is the recompense, even recompense into their bosom…I divinely appointed name for God’s people. It was will measure their former work into their bosom.” given first at Antioch of Syria. (Acts 11:26) Peter Isa. 65:1, 2, 6, 7 says if any man suffer as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but to glorify God in this behalf. (I Pet. St. Paul applies these verses to the time of the 4:16) Messiah, when the Jewish nation was resisting the gospel and persecuting the church, but the Gentiles The Promised New Heavens and Earth after the were flowing into the kingdom like flocks of sheep. Time of Trouble (Rom. 10:20) Those that had not formerly sought God now suddenly found him; but those whom God Isaiah next describes the happy estate of his servants had eagerly sought after and entreated, refused his when the time of tribulation and persecution is past: offer of grace. The like scenario played out in the days of the Assyrians and Babylonians, in which the The former troubles are past forgotten…they are hid prophets warned and entreated only to be persecuted from mine eyes. For, behold, I create new heavens and slain, yet strangers from among the Gentiles, like and a new earth: and the former shall not be Nebuchadnezzar, obeyed the living God. remembers, nor come into mind. But be ye glad and rejoice for ever in that which I create: for, behold, I A Remnant of Jews Would Believe and Obey create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people a joy. And I will rejoice in Jerusalem, and joy in my people: The prophet next describes God’s salvation for the and the voice of weeping shall be no more heard in remnant of those that obey: her, nor the voice of crying. Isa. 65:16-19 Thus saith the Lord, As the new wine is found in the The new heavens and earth describe the changed cluster, and one saith, Destroy it not: for a blessing is circumstances of God’s people, in which the former in it: so will I do for my servants’ sakes, that I may troubles were now forgotten. Whereas they had been not destroy them all. And I will bring forth a seed out under oppression and persecution by their fellow of Jacob, and out of Judah an inheritor of my countrymen who refused to heed God’s word, they mountains: and mine elect shall inherit it, and my would see happier times. The time of national and servants shall dwell there. Isa. 65: 8, 9 personal sorrow under the Assyrians and Babylonians (in the first instance, but in the Messianic context, The prophet then alternates between the two in a under the Jews and Romans,) would give way to a series of verses (vv. 11-13), which conclude with the time when the faithful of God’s people would enjoy destruction of the wicked among the Jews, who leave security and peace. The Jerusalem that had suffered their name (Israel) as it were a curse for God’s people siege and famine would give way to a Jerusalem that (so hated were they among the nations), but God enjoyed an abundance of peace. The inhabitants of would call his faithful by a new name: Christian. the new Jerusalem would “dwell every man under his vine and under his fig tree.” (Isa. 65:21) We should not mistake the poetic description of the new Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye Jerusalem for the new heavens and earth. The shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall howl for prophet’s language saying “the wolf and the lamb vexation of spirit. And ye shall leave your name for a shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like curse unto my chosen: for the Lord God shall slay the bullock” refers only to “the holy mountain” of the thee, and call his servants by another name. Isa. Lord (Isa. 65:25), not the world at large. Only in the 65:14, 15 church do the conditions described prevail. Millennialists commonly make this very mistake by In the beginning of the gospel, the Roman world did applying language intended only for the church to the not distinguish between Jews and Christians, for they whole world, supposing a time of universal peace is seemed to be but sects of the same religion. Thus, foretold. 4 .
The Second Coming Next, Isaiah speaks to the persecution of Christians by unbelieving Jews and the promise of Christ’s The preceding portion of the prophecy makes no coming: direct reference to the coming of Christ; we are told the rebellious would be destroyed, but not how. The Hear the word of the Lord, ye that tremble at his prophecy continues in chapter sixty-six; this time, word; Your brethren that hated you, that cast you out however, the prophet makes unmistakable reference for my name’s sake, said, Let the Lord be glorified: to the destruction of the Jewish nation by the second but he shall appear to your joy, and they shall be coming of Christ. First, the prophet describes God’s ashamed. Isa. 66: 5 anger for the Jews’ idolatrous devotion to the temple: Christ “Appears” to Save His People, and Destroy Thus saith the Lord, The heaven is my throne, and the the Jews earth is my footstool: where is the house that ye build unto me? And where is the place of my rest? For all The “appearance” of Christ is referred to by the those things hath mine hand made, and all those writer of Hebrews, who says Christ as our High things have been, saith the Lord: but to this man will Priest would appear a second time to put his enemies I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite beneath his feet. (Heb. 9:27) The apostle John spirit, and trembleth at my word. Isa. 66: 1, 2 seems to have this verse in mind when he exhorted his readers to persevere under persecution that they Stephen quoted this verse before the Sanhedrin when “be not ashamed before him at his coming.” (I Jno. accused of saying that Christ would come and 2:28) The appearance of Christ would be destroy the city and temple. (Acts 6:14, 15; 7:48-50) providential, not physical or visible, and would mark His point in quoting the prophet is to show that he the destruction of Jerusalem and the relief of the was affirming nothing that had not been foretold church. This is clear from what Isaiah says next, centuries before and therefore could not be accused describing Christ coming in wrath upon the nation: of impiety toward the temple and service of God. However, like a self-fulfilling prophecy, the A voice of noise from the city, a voice from the Sanhedrin would not listen, and stoned Stephen. The temple, as voice of the Lord that rendereth Jews’ obstinate refusal to accept the gospel even recompence to his enemies…For, behold, the Lord while clinging to the empty temple ritual was will come with fire, and with his chariots like a foreseen by Isaiah, who thus foretold the coming whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and his destruction in the prophecy here. Hence, the prophet rebuke with flames of fire. Isa. 66: 5, 15 next describes God’s disdain for the temple cultus: Here is explicit reference to the coming of the Lord He that killeth an ox is as if he slew a man; he that to destroy his enemies in the events culminating in sacrificeth a lamb, as if he cut off a dog’s neck; he the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70, predictions that offereth an oblation, as if he offered swine’s repeated by Christ in his Olivet discourse. (Matt. 24, blood; he that burneth incense, as if he blessed an 25; Mk. 13; Lk. 21) We can know that the second idol. Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their coming is being described because the prophet soul delighteth in their abominations. I also will portrays the new heavens and earth following the choose their delusions, and will bring their fears destruction of the city and temple. (Isa. 66:22-24; cf. upon them; because when I called, none did answer; Matt. 19:28; Rev. 21, 22) The prophet states that when I spake, they did not hear: but they did evil those who escaped the siege – Christians who obeyed before mine eyes, and chose that in which I delighted Jesus’ warning to flee when they saw the city not. (Isa. 66:3, 4) compassed about with armies (Lk. 21:20, 21) – would declare God’s glory (preach the gospel) among The offerings of the temple are likened to unclean the Gentiles. (Isa. 66:19) Isaiah states that these and abominable things; they were no longer would become the spiritual “priests and Levites” (cf. acceptable because Christ had carried his blood I Pet. 2:5) of the New Testament in the new heavens within the Holy of Holies. The continuing temple and earth: ritual was an implicit denial of Christ’s sacrifice. “And I will also take of them for priests and for Levites, saith the Lord. For as the new heavens and Jewish Persecution of Christians Foretold the new earth, which I make, shall remain before me, saith the Lord, so shall your seed and your name remain. And it shall come to pass, that from one new 5 .
moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, people, and God himself shall be with them, and be shall all flesh come and worship before me, saith the their God. Rev. 21:1-3 Lord. And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against With the defeat of the church’s enemies, John sees a me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their new heaven and earth. It is distinguished from the fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring first heaven and earth only by the absence of the sea, unto all flesh.” (Isa. 66:21-24) and the presence of God dwelling amidst his people in the church (the new Jerusalem). Under the old “All flesh” is equivalent to “every creature” and “all economy, God dwelt with man only in shadow and nations” of the Great Commission (Matt. 28:18-20; type. The temple merely foreshowed “good things to Mk. 16:15, 16). “Worshipping before the Lord” come.” (Heb. 10:1) From the time of Adam’s fall to points to the assimilation of the Gentiles into the the cross, the barrier of sin - portrayed by the veil in kingdom (church). Those whose carcasses were the temple - separated man from God. The veil was eaten of fire and worms refers to the bodies of the rent in twain in Christ’s cross (Matt. 27:51), showing Jews who perished in the ravages of war, famine, and man the way back into the presence of God was pestilence during the siege. Josephus reports that through Jesus’ blood. John thus sees the eleven-hundred-thousand Jews (1.1 million) were consummation of God’s redemptive purpose, when slain in the siege of Jerusalem.2 These were cast out face-to-face communion with his people is restored of the city into the valley of Gehenna during the through Christ in the church. (“And they shall see his siege, where they lay swollen and putrefied, eaten of face” Rev. 22:4; cf. Heb. 10:19, 20) The absence of maggots and worms.3 the sea points to the fact that all men approach God on equal terms. Seas are natural barriers, separating This brief survey shows that the new heavens and earth’s people. In Revelation, the sea symbolized the earth spoke to the time when the church would Gentiles; the earth or land, the Jews. Under the new emerge victorious after a time of persecution. economy, those distinctions are removed and all men Whereas they had been scorned and rejected, put out have access to God equally. The gates of the city of the synagogue and even put to death, the Lord (church) are always open in every direction of the would vindicate his gospel and avenge his servants’ compass, showing that men from all over the world blood. The Jews would be destroyed in the war with are invited to enter and find salvation and Rome, but the church would go on to inherit the communion with God. (Rev. 21:13, 25) Thus, Paul world. could say to the Gentiles: Other Aspects of the New Heavens and Earth But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ…Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, The above represents the new heavens and earth as but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the portrayed by the prophet Isaiah. John also treats of household of God. Eph. 2:13, 19 these in the book of Revelation. He does not change what Isaiah wrote, but adds a few particulars of his own. Of course, the new heaven and earth are not the new covenant. The city (the church) is the covenantal habitation of the saints. Outside the city are the lost; And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first those that have not obeyed the gospel: “For without heaven and the first earth were passed away; and are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and there was no more sea. And I John saw the holy city, murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of maketh a lie.” (Rev. 22:15) heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, The new heaven and earth, and troubled sea, having and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his passed away and represented as being no more, indicated the changed conditions within the existing governments and society to make them favorable for the prosperity of the cause of Christ and his church 2 Josephus, Wars of the Jews, VI, ix, 3. This figure does not throughout the empire…the vision represented the include that perished in foreign cities or died in battles throughout the rest of the Judah and Galilee. 3 Josephus, Wars of the Jews, V, xii, 3, 4. 6 .
new conditions to surround the church in the thing know that it is near, at the very door.” It is changed world. 4 contended that the fig tree is Israel, thus, per this view, Jesus was saying “When you see Israel putting Conclusion forth its leaves (restored) then know that it (Christ’s coming) is near.” In verse 34 Jesus said “This generation shall not pass till all these things be The new heavens and earth were symbols for the fulfilled.” So the view is that the generation that prevailing conditions and changed fortunes of God’s would witness the restoration of Israel would be the people in the world under the reigning Christ generation to see Christ’s parousia (coming). following the tribulation of the last days; they look to New Testament times, but are not the New Testament First, it must be realized that Israel was not restored itself. in 1948. Modern “Israel” is not the Israel that existed before the fall of Jerusalem in A.D.70. The Israel of 8 Compelling Reasons the Bible has disappeared forever. Even the Encyclopedia Judaica Jerusalem (1971, Vol. 3, p. Why: Jesus Is Coming 50) acknowledges that there is no longer such a thing as the Jewish race. The events of 1948 have nothing “Very, Very Soon” whatsoever to do with Biblical prophecy and the coming of Jesus. Don Preston Second, if the fig tree represents the restoration of Israel then “all the trees” (see Luke 21:29) must mean Recently someone sent me a newspaper article with the above title. The article begins by saying “The that in 1948 “all the nations” were restored as well! evidence for the soon return of Jesus Christ is Interestingly, those who insist that the fig tree in overwhelming.” I am not sure if the sender was Matthew 24 must be Israel, completely ignore the trying to convince me, or if they wanted me to reference to “all the trees” in the parallel text in Luke 21:29. This is inconsistent. If the fig tree represents comment on the article. Either way, I will offer a few thoughts. Israel in 1948 then consistency demands that “all the trees” represents the restoration of all other nations. History is full of such predictions. And every one has been wrong.except the first century when Jesus Third, if the restoration of “Israel” in 1948 was the himself said He was to return before all of His sign of Christ’s coming, then the clock has already run out. Hal Lindsey (correctly) calculated that a contemporaries died (Matthew 16:27-28; 24:29-34; 26:64). Jesus either kept His word, He lied, or He generation in scripture is approximately 40 years. failed. The choices are limited and inescapable. The (see Matthew 1; Hebrews 3:7-19). Of course, when failure of Bible students to honor Jesus’ prediction he wrote that he was predicting the coming of Christ has propagated the continuing history of failed for 1988!! When that failed he went back to the predictions. Now to the evidence offered by the calculator and invented a new definition for generation, 100-125 years! That is completely false, article. yet he managed to convince a lot of sincere people Reason #1-The Rebirth of Israel. The article nonetheless. maintains that “Israel was miraculously reborn” in 1948, and this is the #1 sign of Jesus’ imminent The point is that 1988 has come and gone. The forty year period that should have, according to modern return. theory, produced the Great Tribulation, the Great The view that 1948 was a sign of Christ’s coming is Apostasy, the Man of Sin, the Antichrist, the Mark of based on Matthew 24:32f. Jesus said “Learn the the Beast, and all of the other horrific events of the parable of the fig tree, when its branch has already last days, did not, in fact, produce a single one of the become tender and shoots forth leaves, you know that signs necessary for the coming of Christ. The reason is simple, all of the signs that were predicted to occur summer is near. So you also, when you see all these prior to Christ’s coming appeared in the first century, just like Jesus ssaid. 4 Foy E. Wallace, The Book of Revelation (1963, Wallace Publications, Ft. Worth), p., 426. 7 .
The REAL issue this Election Most people who sign up for our newsletter are etc. In fact, it has been pointed out many times that interested in preterism; but more than once recently more damage has been done to the cause of we have sent along information about the Ron Paul Constitutional government and conservatism by candidacy. Our apologies if this infringes on your Republicans than by so-called liberals. We fight privacy. However, there is no way to overstate the against the liberals, but the party spirit makes us importance of the issues at stake this election. support “our” guy even when he is selling American down the river! George W. signed an agreement with David Walker, the chief government accountant in Mexico’s President Fox targeting 2010 for a North the GAO, recently gave an interview to David Beck, American Union like the European Union. Funny, I CNN's financial consultant. Walker, sick of don’t remember the American people being asked. Washington politicians ignoring his warnings, Again, do a search of the internet and get the facts for decided to take his case directly to the people. The yourself. title of the interview is "fiscial tsunami." Walker says America and the federal government are This cycle in which we have been locked has now broke. There is a great crisis coming, yet no one in been broken for the first time. The internet has mainstream media is talking about it. David Walker's changed everything. We now can do an end-run video is posted on YouTube here. around the mainstream media and get the facts for www.youtube.com/watch?v=KjZBOCAgR64 You ourselves. Most of us 'old timers' still rely on the can also find articles and other videos by Walker by boob tube for our information, but not the younger doing a google search. This is a wake up call that crowd. And it shows! They are learning what has something MUST be done. But don't look for the been hidden from us for decades! And it is shocking! establishment politicians or media to offer any real solution. The Real Issue This Election For most of our life-times, we had only one real The comments under the caption “America and its source of information about government and politics Money” were found on the internet. They discuss the - the mainstream media. As long as there were only mathematical realities of a fiat paper money system, four or five major network channels, the choice like the one we have at present. Please take a moment between candidates was almost irrelevant. The to read them after my prefatory notes. After reading media told us our options and we dutifully chose them, I think you will agree that there is a lot more at between establishment politician “A” or stake in this election than Hilary. Even if you don't establishment politician “B.” In the end, it didn’t like Ron Paul, we must insist that the other really matter because both major parties are candidates speak to these issues, and speak to them controlled by the same interests and their candidates honestly. belong to the same club. Remember when it was revealed that George W. and John Kerry – What is a Dollar? supposedly bitter political enemies – were both members of Yale secret society Scull & Bones? By definition, the "dollar" is a unit measure of weight Indeed, almost all of our presidents for the last 50 of silver or gold; it is like an "ounce" or "pound" - it years have all been members of the Council on is a unit of measure of precious metal, not a piece of Foreign Relations, whose primary objective is world paper. Once removed from its precious metal government! That’s right. Check it out from backing, it is no longer truly a "dollar" any more than yourself. A simple search of the internet will an empty milk carton is a gallon of milk. It is just a produce an abundance of evidence of this groups name. stranglehold on American government and media. All money now in circulation is created by debt. We The lack of genuine choice for change is nowhere borrow money into circulation from a private banking more true than at the presidential level. No matter cartel known as the Federal Reserve. Although the who was elected we got same thing: more word "federal" occurs in its name, it is not part of the government, higher taxes, intrusion into reserved government any more than Federal Express. It is a state's rights, anti-Christian decisions from the courts, private corporation whose stock is held by member 8 .
banks, chief of which is Chase Manhattan Now, I could provide the equations to show that (Rockefeller). under such a system there is a mathematical termination point, but I will simply explain what is Under this system, money is created only by creating happening with the system at the present. Since debt. Unless the government and people incur debt, Nixon cut all ties between our fiat currency and the the money in circulation shrinks and a underlying commodity specie, the system must recession/depression sets in. This is why the totally rely upon the creation of credit/debt for its government has no real interest in reducing viability and economic sustainability. The problem spending. If it did, we would experience a decrease arises when the system begins, as it has, to reach its of money in circulation and a depression/recession practical possible lifespan where the debt becomes so would set in. Thus, we must have ever increasing huge that it begins to require more service than the budgets, social programs, and wars to keep us in debt economy can actually produce in growth. Due to the so we have adequate money to put off a multiplication of the debt, which includes the recession/depression and the politicians in periodic principle and periodic interest, the debt, as Washington can stay in office. we are now seeing is expanding far faster than the rate of economic growth. Eventually, the entire The other side of the coin, however, is that if we system will reach what can be called it’s maximum borrow and expand the amount of money in possible lifespan or terminal point where it reaches circulation we depreciate the value of our "dollars" the point that all profitability within the economy and prices go up, reflecting the weaker purchasing begins to be siphoned off by the service requirements value of our depreciated notes. This is a type of of the debt [principle and interest] and the economy "inflation tax" - we pay a tax indirectly in the form will no longer be able to tolerate even minor of depreciated notes due to government spending. disruptions, such, as we have seen, small interest rate There is no free lunch. Moreover, as the comments increases. At one time, the economy could sustain below show, there is a point at which the economy much higher disruptions and keep growing; that is no must mathematically crash because it is unable to longer the case and it now struggles to maintain tself. service the interest and principle on the debt. We are in a classic Catch 22 because we must expand This is the REAL issue facing America at election the money supply to keep the economy going, but by time, yet no one is talking about it. No one that is, expanding it we hasten the day when the debt except Ron Paul. It is easy to understand why. The demands much more service from the economy then federal government's debt is 2.7 trillion alone. the economy can provide. Everything that is built Private sector debt is several times that amount. The upon this system will suffer the same fate as the present course must be changed; we must return to system itself. We tend to hear politicians state that we real, honest money sooner or later. Please read and are yoking our children and grand children with a educate yourself. An uninformed electorate is no massive debt; unfortunately it is not that simple or electorate at all! pretty. The truth is that our children and grand children will only be left with the broken pieces of a Kurt - P.S. Pass it along! society crushed by system that will break down everything we now know and recognize as society. America and its Money Everything we know, everything we now trust in is built upon a system with an inherent terminal point We neglect one cardinal point that apparently few where the entire system collapses under the weight of people recognize or understand and that is the entire the debt that it relies on for its existence. All fiat monetary system is completely collateralized by investments, currencies, pensions, insurances, debt making debt the asset upon which the complete government programs, IRAs, 401ks, mortgage monetary and economic system rests. Every single securities, etc., everything we know that makes our dollar in circulation, whether digital or physical, has society what it is today will follow the fate of this been borrowed into existence. All growth within the monetary system. economy is totally sustained by the expansion inflation] of the money supply and the money supply Under such a fiat system the outcome is completely is totally dependent upon the equal expansion of debt. unavoidable; its continued existence is an athematical The debt is irreversible and because on top of the impossibility. It would require a complete reversal of principle debt an interest obligation is attached, the mathematical law in order for it to continue debt must continually be multiplied exponentially. perpetually and that is impossible. 9 .
Is Tithing Required by the New Testament? Michael Fenemore Lord will be my God. 22“This stone, which I have set Tithing is the practice of deducting 10% from one’s up as a pillar, will be God’s house, and of all that income to give “to God.” Does the New Covenant You give me I will surely give a tenth to You.” (Gen. require this? 28:20-22) It is probably now safe to assume that tithing was Before the Old Covenant somewhat more habitual in the family (Abraham, The first mention of tithing is in Genesis 14. After Isaac and Jacob) than we could establish by limited four Mesopotamian kings had attacked Sodom and details provided in the account Abraham’s military taken Lot captive, Abraham pursued them and victory and presentation to Melchizedek since we recovered all they had stolen. When he returned, the find the “tenth” repeated here. Obviously, Jacob was kings of Sodom and Salem came out to meet him. not unaware of tithing. It would be unreasonable to Melchizedek, the king of Salem, was a priest of God. suggest that Jacob independently got the same idea Abraham “gave him a tenth of all” (Gen. 14:20, Abraham did. Apparently, Jacob was imitating NASB throughout). The text provides no indication Abraham’s act. It is not clear whether Jacob intended of where Abraham got the idea to “tithe.” Genesis to tithe on everything God provided for the rest of his contains no command to tithe, nor is there even an life or only on the goods provided for his return trip. indication that Abraham felt required to do so. The Also, we are not told how Jacob intended to carry out text does not tell us whether Abraham had ever tithed his promise. Would he give his tithe to Melchizedek? before, or ever tithed again after that special day. Was Melchizedek available to receive offerings? We This episode is usually portrayed as Abraham giving are not told. And once again, we see no command to a tenth of the increase in his possessions. However, it tithe; Jacob did it voluntarily without indicating that wasn’t that way at all. He plainly said that he didn’t it was required or that he had been remiss in the past own any of it (it had been taken from Sodom) and he for not tithing. ended up giving it all away, not just a tenth: This short and sketchy account is also inadequate for 22Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have sworn to establishing tithing as binding upon Christians. the Lord God Most High, possessor of heaven and earth, 23that I will not take a thread or a sandal thong The Old Covenant or anything that is yours, for fear you would say, ‘I Under the Old Covenant, God established an have made Abram rich.’ (Gen. 14:22f) elaborate system of sacrifices and other services that was to be administered by priests. In fact, one whole This is often used to bind tithing upon Christians tribe, the Levites, was devoted to this service. This since it took place before the Old Covenant was rather large group of men and their families needed given and could not have been nullified by the support since they had no other income and no passing of the Law. However, the text is woefully inheritance in the land (Num. 18:23f): inadequate for declaring tithing as some sort of eternal law and is certainly not a model for tithing as 30‘Thus all the tithe of the land, of the seed of the it is taught to Christians today. It would be quite a land or of the fruit of the tree, is the Lord’s; it is holy stretch to claim that the sketchy details of this story to the Lord. 31‘If, therefore, a man wishes to redeem from an ancient era we know little about prove that part of his tithe, he shall add to it one-fifth of it. Christians should tithe to a church. 32‘For every tenth part of herd or flock, whatever passes under the rod, the tenth one shall be holy to The next mention of tithing is in Genesis 28:20-22. the Lord. (Lev. 27:30-32) Jacob was the grandson of Abraham: At the end of the Old Testament, God condemned his 20Then Jacob made a vow, saying, “If God will be people for robbing him, i.e., not tithing: with me and will keep me on this journey that I take, 8“Will a man rob God? Yet you are robbing Me! But and will give me food to eat and garments to wear, you say, ‘How have we robbed You?’ In tithes and 21and I return to my father’s house in safety, then the 10 .