Liberty University [email protected] University Article Archives Pre-Trib Research Center May 2009 Preterism and Zechariah 12-14 Thomas D. Ice Liberty University, [email protected] Follow this and additional works at:http://digitalcommons.liberty.edu/pretrib_arch Recommended Citation Ice, Thomas D., "Preterism and Zechariah 12-14" (2009).Article Archives.Paper 68.
P Z 12—14 RETERISM AND ECHARIAH by Thomas Ice In January of this year I taught a course on Eschatology (Bible Prophecy) in Orange, California at Chafer Theological Seminary. Since preterist Ken Gentry lives only a few miles from Chafer Seminary, I invited him to come and speak to our class. Even though Chafer Seminary is dispensational, I thought it healthy to expose our students to the exact opposite of our views with Dr. Gentry's visit. Dr. Gentry was gracious enough to come in and give a presentation of his preterist views on the Book of Revelation to our class. Even though I just completed a long series on Preterism in Pre-Trib Perspectives, I want to revisit the issue at least once more.
A preterist cannot give a textual interpretation of Zechariah 12—14 because they believe it is to be equated with God's judgment at the hands of the Romans in . . 70 A D upon Israel—error number one. Greg Beale notes that, "Zechariah 12 does not prophecy Israel's judgment but Israel's redemption."2 Zechariah 12—14 clearly speaks of a time when Israel is rescued by the Lord from an attack by "all the nations of the earth," not just the Romans—error number two. In this context, Israel must refer to Israel. Since that it true, then the event of Zechariah 12—14 has not yet happened in history. This means that it is a future event. Dr. Beale makes a comment about Daniel that applies to Zechariah as well: the burden of proof rests on these preterists to provide an exegetical rationale both for exchanging a pagan nation with Israel as the primary object of Daniel's final judgment and for limiting the last judgment mainly to Israel and not applying it universally.3 Preterists and Futurist, like myself, both agree that Luke 21:20-24 prophesied the . . 70 Roman destruction of Jerusalem. Using Luke 21:20-24 as a baseline, notice the A D contrasts between it and Zechariah 12—14, as observed by Randall Price.
Luke 21:20–24 Zechariah 12—14 •Past fulfillment—“led captive to all •Eschatological fulfillment—“in that nations (vs 24) day” (12:3–4,6,8,11; 13:1–12; •Day of the desolation of Jerusalem 14:1,4,6–9) (vs. 20) •Day of deliverance of Jerusalem •Day of vengeance against Jerusalem (12:7–8) (vs. 22) •Day of victory for Jerusalem (12:4–6) •Day of wrath against Jewish nation (vs. 23) •Day of wrath against Gentile nations •Jerusalem trampled by Gentiles (vs. (12:9; 14:3,12) 24) •Jerusalem transformed by God •Time of Gentile dominion over (14:4–10) Jerusalem (vs. 24) •Time of Gentile submission in •Great distress upon the Land (vs. 23) Jerusalem (14:16–19) •Nations bring the sword to Jerusalem •Great deliverance for the Land (13:2) (vs. 24) •Nations bring their wealth to •Jerusalem destroyed ( . . 70) “in Jerusalem (14:14) A D order that all things which are written •Jerusalem rescued and redeemed (concerning the Jewish People) may that all things written (concerning be fulfilled” (in the future), (vs. 22) Jewish People) may be fulfilled •Jerusalem’s desolation is given a time (13:1–9); cf. Rom. 11:25–27) limit: “until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled” (vs. 24). This implies that a •The attack on Jerusalem is the time of restoration for Jerusalem will occasion for the final defeat of Israel’s then follow. enemies, thus ending the “times of the •The Messiah comes in power and Gentiles” (14:2–3,11) glory to be see by the Jewish People only after “these thing”—the events of •The Messiah comes in power and vss. 25–28—which are yet future to glory during the events of the battle the events of vvs. 20-24. (14:4–5)4 Because of the differences between the above contrasted passages, it is impossible to harmonize with events that have already taken place. Impossible as long as two plus two continues to equal four. But some of the best minds that preterism has to offer attempt to place round pegs into square holes.