ContentS Acknowledgments vii introduction ix 1 Going Digital but not Bookless 1 Physical, Digital library Spaces Amelia brunskill 2 Do e-books Bridge the Digital Divide? 17 sarah E. twill 3 accessibility Issues in e-books and e-book Readers 35 Ken Petri 4 Making Sense of Change 61 e-books, access, and the academic library Lisa carlucci thomas 5 e-book Preservation 71 Business and Content Challenges Amy Kirchhoff 6 Weeding e-books 93 Alice crosetto 7 What Is RDa, and Why Should 103 e-book Managers Care? Steve Kelley 8 enhanced e-books 115 How Books are Coming alive in the Digital environment Sylvia K. Miller / v / .
aCknoWleDGMentS T his book would not have been possible without the contributions of twenty knowledgeable, creative, and talented people. i thank the contributors: Amelia Brunskill, Sarah Twill, Ken Petri, Lisa Carlucci Thomas, Amy Kirchhoff, Alice Crosetto, Steve Kelley, Sylvia Miller, Michael Porter, matt Weaver, bobbi newman, tom Peters, Joseph sanchez, Jessica Grim, Allison Gallaher, Carolyn Foote, Jennifer LaGarde, Christine James, Buffy Hamilton, and Kathy Parker. I would also like to thank three other indi- viduals who contributed their expertise in a variety of ways: Piper martin, Kathryn Reynolds, and James Galbraith. Finally, I thank the people who support me the most: my wonderful family, my encouraging boss, and my energetic staff. / vii / .
IntRoDuCtIon D ecember 2010 was a major turning point for the e-book market. When e-reader prices dropped in preparation for the holidays, record numbers of devices were sold (Minzesheimer 2011). In fact, the demand for content was so intense that the barnes & noble servers crashed on christmas Day (carnoy 2010). This rising e-book trend charged into 2011 and thus far shows no sign of retreat. In March the Barnes & Noble Nook surpassed Amazon’s Kindle in sales (Chan 2011), and the much awaited Apple iPad2 was also released. Amazon reached another milestone in April, announcing that digital book sales now exceeded sales of all print titles, both hardcover and paperback combined (Stevens 2011). But the surefire sign that e-books had reached the tipping point came in February when the Association of American Publishers declared—for the first time ever—that e-books ranked as the number one format among all categories of trade publishing (Sporkin 2011).
1 Going Digital but not Bookless Physical, Digital library Spaces AMELIA BRUNSKILL I n 2009, Syracuse University’s Bird Library had reached 98 percent of its capacity. To create more space within the building, administrators proposed moving thousands of books to a storage facility in Patterson, new york. this pro- posal sparked protests by students and faculty, culminating in more than 200 people attending the university senate meeting designated for the discussion of this proposal. An article discussing these events described the protestors as “want[ing] the library to remain a library, at least in the way that many of us traditionally define it” (Kirst 2009).
2 / going digital but not bookless no—physical materials, then what will define these spaces as libraries? What will people do there, and what will we as librarians do in them? in order to explore these questions, we will start by considering how, over time, new technologies have shifted the relationship between libraries and their print collections. then we will explore both the case against, and for, electronic books as substitutes for print ones. the bulk of this chapter will be devoted to looking at libraries that are challenging the centrality of print materials. Some of these libraries are new spaces; others are existing spaces that have been radically transformed; but together they provide a sense of the scope of the challenges and opportunities in moving away from a print-centric definition of library spaces. In looking at these spaces, we will explore the implications of what these libraries are doing and to what extent they should be viewed as merely interesting anomalies or as potential templates for the libraries of the future.
4 / going digital but not bookless becomes less obvious, and some of the traditional rationales for the suprem- acy and need of print materials will begin to falter. All these changes are laying the groundwork for a potentially radical shift in the ever-evolving relationship between libraries, materials, and their patrons.
going digital but not bookless / 5 that allows for an optimal reading experience of this digital content. E-book content is not democratic—a better, more flexible reading experience of this content can be purchased, plus the price is not cheap and the learning curve for these devices is not minimal.
going digital but not bookless / 7 Periodicals and reference texts have been particularly likely candidates for this assessment, and many print periodical collections and reference stacks have subsequently been weeded dramatically in favor of their online counterparts.
going digital but not bookless / 9 now but a fraction of the information that library patrons have access to, both in terms of library content and in terms of the rich amount of content made available online.