Marxism and Scientiﬁc Socialism Engels declared at Marx’s funeral in Highgate Cemetery that “just as Darwin discovered the law of development of organic nature, so Marx discovered the law of development of human history”. Scientiﬁc socialism was the term Engels used to describe Marx’s socio-economic philosophy and many later theorists sought to reinforce Marxist theory with a supposedly scientiﬁc basis.
Routledge studies in social and political thought 1 Hayek and After 8 Max Weber and Michel Foucault Hayekian liberalism as a research Parallel life works programme Arpad Szakolczai Jeremy Shearmur 9 The Political Economy of Civil 2 Conﬂicts in Social Science Society and Human Rights Edited by Anton van Harskamp G.B. Madison 3 Political Thought of André Gorz 10 On Durkheim’s Elementary Adrian Little Forms of Religious Life Edited by W.S.F. Pickering, 4 Corruption, Capitalism and W. Watts Miller and N.J. Allen Democracy John Girling 11 Classical Individualism The supreme importance of each 5 Freedom and Culture in human being Western Society Tibor R. Machan Hans Blokland 12 The Age of Reason 6 Freedom in Economics Quixotism, sentimentalism and New perspectives in normative political economy in eighteenth- analysis century Britain Edited by Jean-Francois Laslier, Wendy Motooka Marc Fleurbaey, Nicolas Gravel and Alain Trannoy 13 Individualism in Modern Thought 7 Against Politics From Adam Smith to Hayek On government, anarchy and order Lorenzo Infantino Anthony de Jasay 14 Property and Power in Social Theory A study in intellectual rivalry Dick Pels.
15 Wittgenstein and the Idea of a 26 Metaphor and the Dynamics of Critical Social Theory Knowledge A critique of Giddens, Habermas Sabine Maasen and and Bhaskar Peter Weingart Nigel Pleasants 27 Living with Markets 16 Marxism and Human Nature Jeremy Shearmur Sean Sayers 28 Durkheim’s Suicide 17 Goffman and Social A century of research and debate Organization Edited by W.S.F. Pickering and Studies in a sociological legacy Geoffrey Walford Edited by Greg Smith 29 Post-Marxism 18 Situating Hayek An intellectual history Phenomenology and the neo- Stuart Sim liberal project Mark J. Smith 30 The Intellectual as Stranger Studies in spokespersonship 19 The Reading of Theoretical Texts Dick Pels Peter Ekegren 31 Hermeneutic Dialogue and 20 The Nature of Capital Social Science Marx after Foucault A critique of Gadamer and Richard Marsden Habermas Austin Harrington 21 The Age of Chance Gambling in western culture 32 Methodological Individualism Gerda Reith Background, history and meaning Lars Udehn 22 Reﬂexive Historical Sociology Arpad Szakolczai 33 John Stuart Mill and Freedom of Expression 23 Durkheim and Representations The genesis of a theory Edited by W.S.F. Pickering K.C. O’Rourke 24 The Social and Political 34 The Politics of Atrocity and Thought of Noam Chomsky Reconciliation Alison Edgley From terror to trauma Michael Humphrey 25 Hayek’s Liberalism and Its Origins 35 Marx and Wittgenstein His idea of spontaneous order and Knowledge, morality, politics the Scottish enlightenment Edited by Gavin Kitching and Christina Petsoulas Nigel Pleasants.
36 The Genesis of Modernity 47 The Politics and Philosophy of Arpad Szakolczai Michael Oakeshott Stuart Isaacs 37 Ignorance and Liberty Lorenzo Infantino 48 Pareto and Political Theory Joseph Femia 38 Deleuze, Marx and Politics Nicholas Thoburn 49 German Political Philosophy The metaphysics of law 39 The Structure of Social Theory Chris Thornhill Anthony King 50 The Sociology of Elites 40 Adorno, Habermas and the Michael Hartmann Search for a Rational Society Deborah Cook 51 Deconstructing Habermas Lasse Thomassen 41 Tocqueville’s Moral and Political Thought 52 Young Citizens and New Media New liberalism Learning for democratic M.R.R. Ossewaarde participation Edited by Peter Dahlgren 42 Adam Smith’s Political Philosophy 53 Gambling, Freedom and The invisible hand and Democracy spontaneous order Peter J. Adams Craig Smith 54 The Quest for Jewish 43 Social and Political Ideas of Assimilation in Modern Social Mahatma Gandi Science Bidyut Chakrabarty Amos Morris-Reich 44 Counter-Enlightenments 55 Frankfurt School Perspectives From the eighteenth century to the on Globalization, Democracy, present and the Law Graeme Garrard William E. Scheuerman 45 The Social and Political 56 Hegemony Thought of George Orwell Studies in consensus and coercion A reassessment Edited by Richard Howson and Stephen Ingle Kylie Smith 46 Habermas 57 Marxism and Scientiﬁc Rescuing the public sphere Socialism Pauline Johnson From Engels to Althusser Paul Thomas.
First published 2008 by Routledge 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Routledge 270 Madison Ave, New York, NY 10016 Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business © 2008 Paul Thomas This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2008.
Contents Preface: what’s in a word? x Acknowledgements xiv Introduction 1 1 Marx and science 9 2 Engels and “scientiﬁc socialism” 35 3 The question of Darwin 50 4 Scientiﬁc socialism on the ground: Haldane, Bernal, and “scientiﬁc socialism” 68 5 Scientiﬁc socialism and dialectical materialism 86 6 Althusser and the enchantment of science 106 Conclusion 128 Epilogue: nature and artiﬁce in Marx 132 References 152 Index 162.