First published in 2010 by Acumen Published 2014 by Routledge 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN 711 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10017, USA Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business © Editorial matter and selection, 2010 Bret W. Davis. Individual contributions, the contributors.
Contents Contributors vii Acknowledgements xi Abbreviations xiii Introduction: k ey concepts in Heidegger’s thinking of being 1 Bret W. Davis 1. Hermeneutics of facticity 17 Theodore Kisiel 2. Phenomenology: Heidegger after Husserl and t he Greeks 33 Günter Figal 3. Dasein as b eing- in- the- world 44 Timothy Stapleton 4. Care and authenticity 57 Charles E. Scott 5. Being and time 69 Richard Polt 6. The turn 82 Thomas Sheehan 7. Heidegger, National Socialism and the German People 102 Charles Bambach v.
Contributors Charles Bambach is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Texas at Dallas. His books include Heidegger’s Roots: Nietzsche, National Socialism, and the Greeks (2003) and Heidegger, Dilthey, and the Crisis of Historicism (1995). He has also written variously on hermeneut- ics, phenomenology, e thics and the history of German philosophy. Bambach’s current book project, Doing Justice to Poetry: Heidegger, Hölderlin, C elan, and the Greek Experience of dike¯, deals with the tragic aporia between e thics and justice in modern German philosophy, specifically Heidegger’s dialogue with the p oetry of Friedrich Hölderlin (1770–1843) and Paul C elan (1920–1970).
Acknowledgements Let me begin by thanking the contributors to this volume. While there are a number of introductory l evel books on Heidegger (which run the risk of superficiality and even distortion), and while there is an abun- dance of more scholarly level treatises (which run the risk of inaccess- ibility and even obfuscation), this volume was conceived with the intent of bridging the gap between these levels. The chapters are meant to explicate the k ey concepts of Heidegger’s thought in a way that is both rigorous and accessible. The only way this can done, in my mind, is if some of the very best scholars in the field, who have all published at the highest level of scholarship, are willing to take a step back and attempt to clearly and concisely articulate, with ample and precise textual refer- ences, their understanding of the k ey concepts of their particular areas of expertise. I thank the contributors for their willingness to take on this daunting balancing act, and for managing to find the middle way with such care and acumen. Owing to their reservoirs of research and facilities of elucidation, I believe that this book will be useful to students looking for a reliable, discerning and comprehensive introduction to the conceptual contours of Heidegger’s thought, in all its phases, as well as to scholars looking to focus their attention on, and deepen their understanding of, this or that particular Heideggerian concept.
Abbreviations AS “Art and Space” (1973; written 1969) BC Basic Concepts (1993; written 1941) BCAP Basic Concepts of Ancient Philosophy (2008; written 1926) BH Becoming Heidegger: On the Trail of His Early Occasional Writings, 1910–1927 (2007; written 1910–27) BPP The Basic Problems of Phenomenology (1982; written 1927) BQP Basic Questions of Philosophy: Selected “Problems” of “Logic” (1984; written 1937–8) BT Being and Time (1962; written 1927) BTS Being and Time (1996; written 1927) BW Basic Writings, 2nd edn (1993; written 1927–64) CP Contributions to Philosophy (From Enowning) (1999; writ- ten 1936–8) CPC Country Path Conversations (2010; written 1944–5) CT “The Concept of Time”, in BH (written 1924) DT Discourse on Thinking (1966; written 1944–55) EGT Early Greek Thinking (1975; written 1943–54) EHD Erläuterungen zu Hölderlins Dichtung, 6th edn (1996; writ- ten 1936–69) EHF The Essence of Human Freedom: An Introduction to Phil- osophy (2002; written 1930) EHP Elucidations of Hölderlin’s Poetry (2000; written 1936–69) EM Einführung in die Metaphysik, 5th edn (1987; written 1935) EP The End of Philosophy (1973; written 1941–6) ETP The Essence of Truth: On Plato’s Cave Allegory and Theaete- tus (2002; written 1931–2) xiii.
INTRODUCTION Key concepts in Heidegger’s thinking of being Bret W. Davis “ Basic concepts” or Ground-C oncepts” [Grundbegriffe] means for us here: grasping [begreifen] the ground [ Grund] of beings as a whole. … When we have grasped something we also say something has opened up to us. … Thus “to grasp” [Be- greifen] the ground means above all that the “e ssence” of the ground embraces us into itself [ein- begriffen], and that it speaks to us in our knowing about it. (BC 18–19 = GA 51: 21, trans. mod.) Martin Heidegger (1889–1976) is widely considered to be the most famous, influential and controversial philosopher of the twentieth cen- tury. His writings are also among the most formidable. The fundamental concepts of his thought are for many the source of both fascination and frustration. Yet any student of philosophy – or of contemporary thought in general – needs to become acquainted with Heidegger’s main ideas. This book is designed to facilitate this process. Each chapter introduces and explains a key concept – or a cluster of closely related concepts – in Heidegger’s thought. Together, the chapters cover the full range of his path of thought in its early, middle and later periods.
ONE Hermeneutics of facticity Theodore Kisiel Comprehending f actical life in its holistic concreteness: through D ilthey to Heidegger It was F ichte who first coined the abstract term “f acticity” (Facticität; later F aktizität) for the philosophical tradition. He was thereby not referring to empirical facts or a collection of them, but to the central “fact” of the tradition of modern thought, which takes its starting-p oint from Descartes’ famous regress to the “fact of the I-t hink”, understood as the irreducible limit of reflection behind which one can question no further. It then becomes the ground on which all of modern philoso- phy takes its stand in order, like Atlas, to move the entire world. The locution of the “fact of the I-t hink” appears on occasion in K ant’s First Critique, which he supplements with another comprehensive fact early in the Second Critique, when he proclaims the moral law, in its cor- relation with f reedom, to be “the sole fact of pure [practical] reason”. It might accordingly be called a transcendental fact, although F ichte tended to call it “f acticity”, especially in his later lecture courses. The posthumous publication of these courses and later works by his theo- logian son, Immanuel Hermann F ichte, could be considered the most proximate source of the diffusion of the term into the nineteenth- century literature of both philosophy and theology. Nineteenth-c entury Protestant theology is replete with references to the “ facticity” of the events of Christian salvation history, on which the Christian faith takes its original stand. The persistent albeit sporadic use of the term in nineteenth- century writers such as K ierkegaard, F euerbach, D ilthey and the neo- Kantians is a matter of lexical record (K isiel 1986–7, 2008).