C ontents Preface ix Acknowledgments xiii Introduction xv Eutropius’s Breviarium ab urbe condita, Liber primus Text and Notes 3 Unannotated Latin Text 31 Commentary 39 Vocabulary 83 Appendix A: Maps 101 Appendix B: Additional Textbook Cross-References 103 Bibliography 105 Index of Selected Grammatical Constructions 107.
P refaCe Why Eutropius? Since the publication of War with Hannibal in 2009 I have heard from stu- dents, teachers, and independent learners alike how helpful Eutropius has been in making the transition from a Latin textbook to reading real Latin literature. Even purportedly easy authors like Caesar and Nepos are in real- ity too difficult without adequate preparation. Eutropius’s vocabulary, style, and syntax provide an ideal foundation for reading authors such as these. He writes in good, standard classical Latin and uses nearly all of the most common and important grammatical constructions. His vocabulary, how- ever, is quite simple, and his sentences are not overly long or complex. This gives students the opportunity to develop their skill and confidence in reading extended Latin prose, without getting lost in a morass of subor- dination or arcane vocabulary.
a CknowLedgments There are many people to whom I owe a debt of gratitude for their help with this book. David Wright prepared a significant portion of the vocabu- lary and textbook cross-references. The ever-magnanimous Dale Grote and the eagle-eyed Allison Resnick read through the entire manuscript at an early stage and provided numerous, invaluable suggestions. My students at Montgomery High School suffered through the first drafts of this book and much improved it by their insights. Jason Barillaro, Ed DeHoratius, Rich Esswein, Anne Pearson, and Cary Riggs all kindly class-tested the book, and their students provided valuable feedback. I was extremely for- tunate to have had Juliana Froggatt as the copy editor. Every page has been improved by her thoughtfulness and expertise. Finally, my wife Ruth, my son Benjamin, and my daughters Ariella and Eliana deserve much credit for putting up with my obsessiveness. Super omnia, carissimi mihi sunt.
I ntroduCtIon The aim of this book, like that of its predecessor, War with Hannibal, is simple: to make authentic, unadapted Latin prose accessible to the begin- ning student. It presents Book I of Eutropius’s Breviarium ab urbe condita, which covers the period from the foundation of Rome in 753 BCE to the sack of the city by the Gauls in 390 BCE. Historical notes, providing con- text and addressing issues of historicity, can be found in the Commentary in the back of the book. For an excellent overview of this period, see the subentries “Origins of Rome” and “Early republic” under “Rome (History)” in the Oxford Classical Dictionary, 3rd edition (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996). For a more in-depth but highly accessible introduction to Rome’s early history, see H. H. Scullard’s A History of the Roman World: 753 to 146 BC (Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge, 2012). For detailed coverage of historical and textual issues, see R. M. Ogilvie’s A Commentary on Livy, Books 1–5 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1965).
t n ext and otes Romulus and the foundation of Rome, 753–715 BCE I. Rōmānum imperium ā Rōmulō exōrdium habet, quī Rēae Silviae, Vestā- lis virginis, fīlius et, quantum putātus est, Mārtis cum Remō frātre ūnō partū ēditus est. Is, cum inter pāstōrēs latrōcinārētur, decem et octō annōs nātus urbem exiguam in Palātīnō monte cōnstituit XI Kal. Maiās, Olympi- adis sextae annō tertiō, post Trōiae excidium, ut quī plūrimum minimum- 5 que trādunt, annō trecentēsimō nōnāgēsimō quārtō.
u L t nannotated atIn ext This section of bare Latin text has been included for use during classroom translation. Not having the notes under one’s eye in the classroom ensures that the glosses are not used as a crutch and that grammatical concepts have been thoroughly learned. This section is intended for use only after the corresponding passages in the Text and Notes section have been read.
C ommentary This section contains a running commentary on the grammar and syntax of Book I of the Breviarium, as well as historical background on the Roman Regal period and early Republic (historical notes are set off in boxes, for easy reference). The running commentary need not be read in its entirety but may be referred to on an as-needed basis. Abbreviated cross-references are included for the following commonly used textbooks (those marked with an asterisk may be found in Appendix B: Additional Textbook Cross-References): A&G Allen and Greenough’s New Latin Grammar (New Rochelle, NY: Aristide D. Caratzas, 1983) [reprint of 1903 edition]. Available online from the Perseus Digital Library at www.perseus.tufts .edu.