International Law and International Relations This volume is intended to help readers understand the relationship betweeninternationallawandinternationalrelations(IL/IR). Asatesta- menttothisdynamicareaofinquiry,newresearchonIL/IRisnowbeing published in agrowing listof traditional lawreviews and disciplinary journals. Theexcerptedarticlesinthisvolume,allofwhichwereﬁrst published in International Organization, represent some of the most important research since serious social science scholarship began in this areamorethantwentyyearsago. Theyareimportantmilestones toward making IL/IR a central concern of scholarly research in international affairs. The contributions have been selected to cover someofthemaintopicsofinternationalaffairsandtoprovidereaders with a range of theoretical perspectives, concepts, and heuristics that canbeusedtoanalyzetherelationshipbetweeninternationallawand internationalrelations.
International Organization Books IssuesandAgentsinInternationalPoliticalEconomy,editedby BenjaminJ.CohenandCharlesLipson TheoryandStructureinInternationalPoliticalEconomy,editedby CharlesLipsonandBenjaminJ.Cohen InternationalInstitutions,editedbyLisaL.MartinandBethA.Simmons International Institutions and Socialization in Europe, edited by Jeffrey T.Checkel International Law and International Relations, edited by Beth A. Simmons andRichardH.Steinberg.
CAMBRIDGEUNIVERSITYPRESS Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo Cambridge University Press The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB28RU, UK Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New York www.cambridge.org Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521861861 © 2006 IO Foundation This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provision of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.
Contents Contributors pageix Abstracts xiii Preface xxix Beth A. Simmons and Richard H. Steinberg Editors’Note xxxvii parti.international regimes theory: does lawmatter? 1 Structural Causes and RegimeConsequences:Regimes as Intervening Variables (1982) 3 Stephen D. Krasner 2 The Demandfor InternationalRegimes (1982) 18 Robert O. Keohane partii.commitmentand compliance 3 Democratic States and Commitment inInternational Relations(1996) 43 Kurt Taylor Gaubatz 4 On Compliance(1993) 65 Abram Chayes and Antonia Handler Chayes 5 Isthe Good News AboutCompliance Good News About Cooperation?(1996) 92 George W. Downs, David M. Rocke, and Peter N. Barsoom v.
Abstracts Structural Causes and Regime Consequences: Regimes as Intervening Variables (1982) by Stephen D. Krasner Internationalregimesaredeﬁnedasprinciples,norms,rules,anddecision- makingproceduresaroundwhichactorexpectationsconvergeinagiven issue-area. As a starting point, regimes have been conceptualized as intervening variables, standing between basic causal factors and related outcomes and behavior. There are three views about the importance of regimes:conventionalstructuralorientationsdismissregimesasbeingat best ineffectual; Grotian orientations view regimes as an intimate com- ponent of the international system; and modiﬁed structural perspectives see regimes as signiﬁcant only under certain constrained conditions. For Grotian and modiﬁed structuralist arguments, which endorse the view thatregimescaninﬂuenceoutcomesandbehavior,regimedevelopmentis seen as a function of ﬁve basic causal variables: egoistic self-interest, political power, diffuse norms and principles, custom and usage, and knowledge.
Preface This volume is intended to help readers understand the relationship between international law and international relations (IL/IR). The excerpted articles, all of which were ﬁrst published in International Organization, represent some of the most important research since serious social science scholarship began in this area more than twenty years ago. The contributions have been selected to provide readers with a range of theoretical perspectives, concepts, and heuristics that can be used to analyze the relationship between international law and inter- national relations. These articles also cover some of the main topics of international affairs. In this brief preface, we note the rise of law in interstate relations and ﬂag some of the most important theoretical approaches to understanding this development. We also introduce the topicschosenand discussthe volume’s organization.
Editors’ Note Inordertoofferbroadcoverageoftheories,approaches,andtopicsinthis volume, each contribution has been edited down to approximately two- thirdsofitsoriginallypublishedlength.Theauthorsofeachcontribution actively supported this endeavor.