To Our Readers Changes: Readers of this publication are encouraged to sub- mit suggestions and changes that will improve it. Recom- mendations may be sent directly to Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, Doctrine Division (C 42), 3300 Russell Road, Suite 318A, Quantico, VA 22134-5021 or by fax to 703-784-2917 (DSN 278-2917) or by E-mail to [email protected] Recommenda- tions should include the following information: • Location of change Publication number and title Current page number Paragraph number (if applicable) Line number Figure or table number (if applicable) • Nature of change Add, delete Proposed new text, preferably double- spaced and typewritten • Justification and/or source of change Additional copies: A printed copy of this publication may be obtained from Marine Corps Logistics Base, Albany, GA 31704- 5001, by following the instructions in MCBul 5600, Marine Corps Doctrinal Publications Status. An electronic copy may be obtained from the Doctrine Division, MCCDC, world wide web home page which is found at the following universal refer- ence locator: http://www.doctrine.usmc.mil.
DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY Headquarters United States Marine Corps Washington, D.C. 20380-1775 6 January 2003 FOREWORD Marine Corps Reference Publication (MCRP) 3-02C, Marine Combat Water Survival, provides Marine Corps combat water survival techniques, procedures, and training standards. This pub- lication also teaches Marines to cross water obstacles and per- form water rescues correctly and safely.
MCRP 3-02C Marine Combat Water Survival Table of Contents Chapter 1. Survival at Sea Abandoning Ship.1-2 Jettisoning Equipment.1-2 Abandoning Ship Technique.1-3 Modified Abandoning Ship Technique.1-6 Surface Burning Oil Swim.1-9 Surviving With a Pack.1-11 Preparing Equipment.1-12 Tying Waterproof/Plastic Bags.1-13 Packing the Pack.1-13 Swimming With the Pack.1-13 Staying Afloat With a Life Preserver.1-15 Inherently Buoyant Life Preservers.1-15 Inflatable Life Preservers.1-15 Staying Afloat Without a Life Preserver.1-18 Floating With an Inflated Blouse.1-18 Floating With Inflated Trousers.1-20 Sling Method.1-20 Splash Method.1-26 Blow Method.1-32 Avoiding Heat Loss in Cold Water.1-36 Individual Protection From the Cold.1-37 Group Protection From the Cold.1-38 Drownproofing Methods.1-39 Crawl Stroke.1-40 T-Method.1-44 The Sweep.1-46 iii.
MCRP 3-02C Abandoning Ship When you embark on a Navy ship, you will receive abandoning ship instructions from Navy personnel. If given the order to aban- don ship, report to your designated assembly area and put on a life preserver. DO NOT inflate the life preserver until you are clear of the ship. Torn life preservers will not inflate and inflated life pre- servers can block you, and those behind you, from exiting the ship. A flotation device that has been inflated may also burst if you jump from a significant height. See pages 1-15 through 1-35 for staying afloat with and without a life preserver. DO NOT remove your clothing, boots, or shoes before abandoning ship. Your trousers and blouse may be the only flotation devices available if your life preserver is faulty or becomes damaged, and your clothes can provide some insulation from the cold water.
Marine Combat Water Survival Sweep your arms forward to a full extension at the shoulder width. This splashes debris, oil, or burning liquids aside. To reduce the chance of fatigue, use two short splashes to the front to extend the path.
Marine Combat Water Survival Staying Afloat With a Life Preserver The best form of flotation is to find any kind of floating object that will keep you and your equipment out of the water or minimize your exposure to the water. Life preservers are the best method, as they allow you to wear your clothes for heat retention and sunburn prevention. Marines use two basic classes of life preservers: inher- ently buoyant life preservers and inflatable life preservers.
MCRP 3-02C Inflate the life preserver by pulling on the lanyard attached to the CO inflation 2 valve or by blowing on the end of the oral inflation valve. Staying Afloat Without a Life Preserver You may be in open water without any floating objects or a life preserver to help you survive. If so, uniform blouses and trousers can be made into expedient flotation devices. Floating With an Inflated Blouse It is possible to float by a bubble of air trapped in the shoulders of your blouse. The air rises to the back and shoulders of the blouse and supports you at the water’s surface. An inflated blouse is also a temporary flotation device used by weaker swimmers while try- ing to remove their trousers. There is a primary and an alternate way to create a bubble of trapped air in a blouse— Primary Method Turn the collar inside the blouse to help create a seal.
MCRP 3-02C Avoiding Heat Loss in Cold Water The rate of heat exchange in the water is about 25 times greater than it is in air of the same temper- ature. When you are immersed in cold water, hypothermia occurs rapidly due to the decreased insu- lating quality of wet clothing and as a result of water displacing the layer of still air that normally sur- rounds the body. You also lose about 50 percent of your body heat through your head; therefore, keep your head out of the water.