You can connect to other websites from this website which are not under the jurisdiction of BookMeth. The nature, content and availability of such pages are not regulated by us. A recommendation or acceptance of the views articulated within them does not generally mean the incorporation of any ties. Connecting to our web implies acknowledging this policy agreement .
TABLE OF CONTENTS 4 INTROduCTION 8 ChApTER ONE TRANSPORTATION BASICS 18 ChApTER TWO The ANCIeNT MIddle eAST 28 ChApTER ThREE ANCIeNT egyPT 36 ChApTER FOuR ANCIeNT INdIA 44 ChApTER FIVE ANCIeNT ChINA 52 ChApTER SIX The ANCIeNT AMeRICAS 60 ChApTER SEVEN ANCIeNT gReeCe 70 ChApTER EIGhT ANCIeNT ROMe 78 EpILOGuE AFTeR The ANCIeNTS 84 Timeline 91 Further Reading 86 Glossary 93 Websites 88 Source Notes 94 Index 90 Selected Bibliography .
INTROduCTION W hat do you think of when you hear the word technology? You probably think of something totally new. You might think of research laboratories filled with computers, powerful microscopes, and other scientific tools. But technology doesn’t refer to just brand-new machines and discoveries. Technology is as old as human society.
Technology is the use of knowledge, inventions, and discoveries to make life better. The word technology comes from two Greek words. One, techne, means “art” or “craft.” The other, logos, means “logic” or “reason.” Ancient Greeks originally used the word technology to mean a discussion of arts and crafts. But in modern times, technology usually refers to the craft, the technique, or the tool itself.
There are many forms of technology. Medicine is one form. Agriculture and machinery are others. This book looks at yet another kind of technology—one that has been improving human society for millions of years. That technology is transportation.
T he first humans on Earth lived about 2.5 million years ago. They were hunters and gatherers. They lived in small groups and got their food by hunting game, fishing, and gathering wild plants. When the food in one area was all used up, a group moved to a new place. Hunter-gatherers made tools from stone, wood, animal bones, plant fibers, and clay. In some places on Earth, the hunter-gatherer lifestyle remained unchanged until only a few centuries ago.